Trivia

Hard

The Five Taste Sensations Are Sweet, Sour, Salty, Bitter, and?

Fermented
Spoiled
Umami
Metallic

Answer: Umami

Umami is a Japanese word that can be translated roughly as “a pleasant savory taste”; the word was first applied to human physiology by Professor Kikunae Ikeda in 1908 to describe the fifth taste, a taste that existed beyond the scope of the more commonly described taste sensations: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter.

Although the term (and the taste itself) was hotly debated in scientific circles, by 1985 advances in science made it possible to isolate exactly what Professor Ikeda had been talking about all along. Umami is specifically the taste created by the presence of glutamates and nucleotides; this flavor is typically found in soup broths, fish dishes, cured meats, ripe tomatoes and many fermented products (such as fermented fish and cheeses). In light of the flavor profile being found in both meats and ripe tomatoes, it’s not surprising that many people describe the flavor of very ripe and dense tomatoes as “meaty”.

The continued study of the specific glutamates and nucleotides that give things that savory “umami” taste have both provided insight into why certain foods are traditionally paired together and allowed food manufacturers to create foods, like canned soups, that have a more satisfying taste.

Trivia

Easy

Which Famous Inventor Allegedly Electrocuted An Elephant To Discredit His Competition?

Trivia

Easy

What Movie Introduced The Public To The Concept Of “DEFCON” Military Alerts?

Trivia

Hard

In 19th Century England, Families Would Bury Their Dead In What To Protect Against Body Snatching?

Trivia

Hard

The Only Mythbusters Claim To Receive A Simultaneous Busted, Plausible, And Confirmed Rating Was?

Trivia

Hard

The Racquet Sport With The Fastest Projectile Is?

Trivia

Hard

The Lava Lamp Was Invented By Whom?

Trivia

Hard

A Popular African-Derived Rhythm Used In Rock and Pop Music Is Called The?

Trivia

Hard

The First Effective Treatment For Syphilis Was What?

Trivia

Hard

Agnosia Is A Disorder That Affects Your Ability To Process?

Trivia

Hard

Extended Time Space Walking Can Cause Astronauts’ What To Fall Off/Out?