Trivia

Hard

The First Satellite To Orbit The Sun Did So When It Missed What Target?

The Moon
Venus
Low-Earth Orbit
Mars
Russia's Luna 1 satellite, the first man-made object to escape the grip of Earth's gravity.
NASA/JPL

Answer: The Moon

The Soviet Union managed to accomplish three space exploration firsts with a single spacecraft: Luna 1. The small spacecraft was intended to be a lunar impactor, destined to slam into the surface of the Moon and report data back to Earth, but thanks to an error along the way, it was destined for a much longer trip.

During the launch sequence, an incorrectly timed upper stage burn caused Luna 1 to miss the Moon. In the process, it became the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon (but, unfortunately, not land on it as intended). In missing the Moon, it also became the first spacecraft to leave geocentric orbit and eventually came to enter a heliocentric orbit (becoming the first man-made object to do so). Renamed Mechta (or Russian for “Dream”), it now orbits the Sun in an orbit between that of Earth and Mars.

Despite missing its intended target, Luna 1 proved quite useful and was able to report back data about the Moon as it passed by, obtain data about the Van Allen radiation belt, take direct measurements of the solar wind, release sodium gas for observing the behavior of gas in space (as well as helping track the satellite), and also marked the first instance of radio communication at a distance of a half-million kilometers.

Trivia

Hard

Which Cartoon Character Was Recolored At The Urging Of Cartoon Censors?

Trivia

Easy

The Longest Running Scientific Experiment Centers Around What?

Trivia

Easy

The Original Tron Movie Features A Tiny Easter Egg Homage To Which Video Game?

Trivia

Easy

Which Of These Fruits Contains A Powerful Natural Meat Tenderizer?

Trivia

Very Hard

Which Novelist Indirectly Contributed To Particle Physics?

Trivia

Hard

Video Games Frequently Use Which Of These Techniques To Create The Illusion Of 3D Space?

Trivia

Easy

Crepuscular Animals Are Most Active During?

Trivia

Hard

A Fashion Fad During The Late 18th Century Found Europeans Wearing What Scientific Apparatus?

Trivia

Hard

In 1981 It Would Take You Two Hours To Download What?