### Trivia

Hard

In Your Average School Class There Is A 50% Chance Two People Share What?

Ear Wax Type
A Birthday
Great-Great-Great Cousins
Blood Type

In the field of probability theory, there is a problem known as the Birthday Paradox concerning the probability that in a selection of N randomly chosen people, some of them will share a birthday. This probability reaches 100 percent once you reach a sample size of 367 people (to account for the 366 potential days, including Feb. 29th, +1).

What’s fascinating, however, is how quickly the probability of sharing a birthday climbs. In a group of 23 people, around the size of a small class, the chances of two people sharing a birthday have already climbed to 50 percent. To get to 99 percent, you’d just need to gather two classrooms together. In a group of 57 people, there is a 99 percent chance that there is a common birthday.

While this might seem like something of a mathematical parlor trick, the math behind the Birthday Paradox has actually been successfully employed as a well known cryptographic attack, the Birthday Attack, which uses probabilistic modeling to reduce the complexity of cracking encryption hash functions.

### Trivia

Hard

What’s The Most Popular Screen Resolution Among Internet Browsers?

### Trivia

Easy

What Color Were Early Automobile Tires?

### Trivia

Easy

“Peace Lines” Are An Urban Architectural Feature Found Throughout?

### Trivia

Very Hard

The Oligodynamic Effect Is A Phenomenon That Describes?

### Trivia

Hard

The Oldest Known Trees Are All Members Of What Species?

### Trivia

Hard

Which Of These U.S. States Has The Largest Water To Land Ratio?

### Trivia

Hard

The Word “Boycott” Entered The English Language By Way Of?

### Trivia

Hard

In 2007 A Radio Show Contestant Died Of Water Intoxication In A Bid To Win A?

### Trivia

Hard

To Give Their Eggs An Advantage, Some Butterflies Have Evolved To?

### Trivia

Hard

Bubble Wrap Was Originally Invented To Serve As What?