Trivia

Hard

If You’re The Victim Of A Smurf Attack, You’re The Victim Of What?

Phishing Tactics
A Denial-of-Service Attack
Theft of Virtual Goods
Credit Card Fraud
A group of Smurf figurines.
Schtroumpfs/Flickr

Answer: A Denial-of-Service Attack

A Smurf attack is a specific form of denial-of-service attack in which a large volume of ICMP packets (with the victim’s spoofed IP address swapped in place of the sender’s IP address) are broadcast over a computer network using one of the IP broadcast addresses available on that network.

As a result, any ICMP request (like a ping request) sent via Smurf attack to the IP broadcast address of the network would prompt all of the computers within that broadcast address block to respond, effectively burying the unsuspecting IP address (and attached computer equipment) of the targeted user under a mountain of misdirected responses, rendering their connection unusable until the deluge of replies stopped. The attack derived its name from the 1980s-era cartoon The Smurfs, since the creator of the original code that drove the attack, Dan Moschuk, saw the deluge of packets, like the tiny Smurfs, overwhelming a much bigger opponent through sheer numbers—the original file was called smurf.c in reflection of that.

Smurf attacks were extremely easy to execute prior to the late 1990s since most networks were poorly configured and unable to resist abuse in such a fashion. Since then, hosts and routers have been routinely configured not to respond to ICMP requests addressed on the IP broadcast level or to forward requests they receive.

Trivia

Hard

NASA Carefully Timed Space Shuttle Flights To Avoid What?

Trivia

Hard

A Heat Burst Is An Incredibly Rare Atmospheric Phenomenon Associated With?

Trivia

Hard

The Prohibition-Era’s Most Successful Enforcement Officers Made Many Of Their Arrests Posing As?

Trivia

Easy

Unlike Humans, Octopus Blood Is Not Iron-Based But?

Trivia

Hard

A Spider In The Amazon Jungle Is Unique In That It?

Trivia

Hard

The 1999 Ig Nobel Prize For Literature Was Awarded To A 5,000 Word Treatise On The Topic Of?

Trivia

Very Hard

The First High Definition Movie Pirated Was?

Trivia

Hard

The Largest Stadium In The World Is Located In?

Trivia

Easy

The Largest Number Of Remaining Blockbuster Video Stores Are Located In?

Trivia

Hard

Which Country Was The First To Ban Video Games?