Trivia

Hard

During The 20th Century, Blindness In Premature Babies Was Triggered By Excessive Administration Of?

Oxygen
Vitamin K
Ultra Violet Lamplight
Vitamin B12

Answer: Oxygen

During the mid-20th century, there was a veritable epidemic of blindness among premature babies. Thousands of babies in just the U.S. alone, including the very well known blind performer Stevie Wonder, were injured by a treatment meant to help them.

Historically, premature babies were automatically put on oxygen therapy. After all, their lungs were underdeveloped, oxygen is critical to life, and who doesn’t benefit from an extra dose of it? While increased oxygenation of the blood certainly helps everyone from performance athletes to people recovering from injuries, it’s not so great for premature babies. It turns out that the elevated oxygen levels in the premature babies damaged the tiny arteries in their eyes, triggered runaway and wild growth of new blood vessels, and led to irreversible damage as the unchecked death and growth of the blood vessels detached the retina and filled the eye with fibrous tissue.

Studies in the early 1950s established that routine oxygen supplementation caused the eye damage and oxygen supplementation was immediately reduced in frequency and duration. When only premature babies in true respiratory distress were given oxygen, the rate of blindness among premature babies dropped immediately.

Trivia

Easy

What Did Microsoft Include With Early Windows Versions To Train People To Use The Mouse?

Trivia

Hard

With Whom Did The Swedish Band ABBA Have To Negotiate With For Rights To Their Name?

Trivia

Easy

Ruminants Differ From Other Animals In That They Have?

Trivia

Hard

The First Commercial Filmed In Space Pitched What Product?

Trivia

Very Hard

The Sentence “Where You At?” Is An Example Of A?

Trivia

Hard

At The Top Of The First Escalator Installed In London, An Attendant Would Offer Shoppers?

Trivia

Hard

What Was The Best-Selling Nintendo N64 Game?

Trivia

Hard

Which Handheld Game System Sold Less Than 5,000 Units Upon Release?

Trivia

Hard

The Ancient Olympic Competition Of Hoplitodromos Required Runners To?

Trivia

Hard

The Longest-Lived Rodent Species Is The?