Trivia

Hard

Calling The U.S. Financial Sector “Wall Street” Is An Example Of What Linguistic Concept?

Pluralism
Morphemes
Lexicography
Metonymy
The former JP Morgan headquarters at 23 Wall Street/Broad Street, Manhattan.
Gryffindor/Wikimedia

Answer: Metonymy

Metonymy is a figure of speech wherein a thing or concept is not called by its actual given name, but by the name of an associated thing or concept. Or, to phrase it another way, one element of a larger concept becomes the symbol for the whole concept.

Wall Street, for example, is both a literal place (a street in New York City where significant elements of the U.S. financial market are located like the New York Stock Exchange) and a term that is used to represent the U.S. financial market. When a newscaster says “Wall Street was shaken up today.”, they’re using metonymy since they aren’t referring to the literal street, but the entire financial sector.

Other well-known examples of the phenomenon include Hollywood (it’s literally a district of Los Angeles, but the word serves as a catch-all for the entire U.S. movie industry), Washington (literally Washington, D.C., but used as a stand-in for the U.S. government), and Scotland Yard (the old London Metropolitan Police Force headquarters was located on the street Great Scotland Yard and now the street name stands in for the actual agency name).

Metonymy isn’t limited to places either. We call porcelain/ceramic dishes “china” because of the historical association between the product and China, refer to mercenaries as “hired guns” (in reference to their tools), refer to military officers as “brass” (in reference to the metal alloy traditionally used for military buttons and insignia), and so on. Once you start looking for it, metonymy is all around us.

Trivia

Hard

The Country With The Most Diverse Variety Of Breads Is?

Trivia

Easy

The Most Covered Beatles Song Of All Time Is?

Trivia

Hard

In The U.S. Air Force It Is A Good Luck Tradition For New Pilots To?

Trivia

Hard

Who Is The Person Behind The Generic Silhouette in Microsoft Outlook 2010’s Contacts?

Trivia

Hard

Which Actor Portrayed A Comic Hero That Was Modeled Directly After Himself?

Trivia

Hard

Cameras Hidden In What Office Equipment Helped The U.S. Gain Access to Soviet Secrets?

Trivia

Hard

Which Planet Was The First To Be Mathematically Predicted Before Direct Observation?

Trivia

Easy

Early 747 Airliners Had What Luxury In The First Class Cabin?

Trivia

Very Hard

The Search Engine Equivalent Of The 555 Telephone Numbers Seen In Television And Film Is?