Trivia

Hard

Alcohol Is An Antidote To Poisoning By What?

Rattlesnake Venom
Strychnine
Bleach
Antifreeze

Answer: Antifreeze

Ethylene glycol is the primary ingredient in automotive antifreeze and a cause of accidental poisoning in children and household pets due to its sweet taste. The source of the toxicity isn’t necessarily the compound itself, but the metabolites thereof. In the body, ethylene glycol starts off by producing neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms (similar to alcohol poisoning), but then shifts to problems such as hyperventilation, metabolic acidosis, cardiovascular dysfunction, and eventual kidney failure as it is broken down into glycolic and oxalic acids.

Fortunately, if the patient is treated quickly enough treatment is usually successful and the patient almost always makes a full recovery. The two primary treatments used in ethylene glycol poisoning cases are fomepizole and ethanol (as in grain alcohol). Both treatments work on the same principle: both compounds compete with the ethylene glycol for alcohol dehydrogenase (an enzyme required for the metabolization of ethylene glycol and ethanol). Because ethanol has a higher affinity for the enzyme than ethylene glycol (by a magnitude of roughly 100 times), the ethanol quickly binds with all the available enzyme and the ethylene glycol is blocked from breaking down into glycoaldehyde, which prevents further degradation into highly toxic glycolic acid and oxalic acid.

More Trivia Questions

Trivia

Hard

Which Creature Hunts Upside Down?

Trivia

Hard

Which Of These Astronomical Phenomenon Is Unique To Earth In Our Solar System?

Trivia

Easy

The Most Famous Example Of A Cryptographic Rotor Machine Is The?

Trivia

Hard

Which Computer Was The First To Sport A GUI Desktop?

Trivia

Hard

The Terms Uppercase And Lowercase Are Derived From What?

Trivia

Hard

What Was The Killer Application That Drove 1990s CD-ROM Drive Sales?

Trivia

Hard

Which Video Game Required You To Kill The Lead Developer To Win?

Trivia

Hard

Saccadic Masking Is a Cognitive Phenomenon Wherein We Can’t See What Moving?

Trivia

Very Hard

The 1993 U.S. Senate Hearings Held Over Video Game Violence Focused On Mortal Kombat And?

Trivia

Hard

Originally, Star Trek Writers Intended To Make Which Planet Spock’s Home World?